Forced Entry Resistant Doors and Frames
Virtually every type of building needs some sort of protection against forced entry. A door assembly or security doors is often a building’s first line of defense and can dramatically reduce the risk of an attack or burglary.
It’s important to determine what level of protection is appropriate for the building’s use and location. Government buildings are usually more at risk for physical attacks. Retail and commercial tenants tend to be more concerned with theft. Schools are often a hybrid of burglary prevention and safety.
Design professionals should consider:
- The budget;
- the risk of physical attack, burglary, or both;
- the severity of the risk;
- if bullet resistant doors would make sense;
- if they should specify one of the test methods below.
ASTM F1233 Standard Test Method for Security Glazing Materials and Systems
The most commonly specified test criteria for non-government forced entry installations. Products are assigned a resistance rating from I through V. The tests range from 10 hits with a ballpein hammer to 50 impacts with a fire axe.
ASTM F3038 Standard Test Method for Timed Evaluation of Forced-Entry-Resistant Systems
Typically specified for high risk buildings, this test method allows one to specify forced entry prevention of 5, 15, 30, or 60 minutes. The test is comprised of six men attacking the door with everything from sledgehammers to battering rams.
US Department of State SD-STD-01.01 Forced Entry and Ballistic Resistance of Structural Systems.
This test is similar to ASTM F3038 but is specific to government facilities.
See our article in Door & Hardware Magazine for more information on reducing the risk of forced entry.
The manufacturers below offer quality security doors and products that also meet SDI standards. Click the logos to visit their websites.